Johannes Gabriel Granö and his Cartography- Oriented Landscape Research. A Reviewing Appreciation

  • Holger Helm Dresden University of Technology, Institute for Cartography, Helmholtzstrasse 10, 01069 Dresden, Germany
  • Manfred F. Buchroithner Dresden University of Technology, Institute for Cartography, Helmholtzstrasse 10, 01069 Dresden, Germany https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6051-2249
Keywords: Johannes Gabriel Granö, cartography-oriented landscape research, Altai and Northwest Mongolia, Tartu, Estonia, Atlas of Finland, Pure Geography, landscape physiognomy, determination of geographic regional, entities, virtual landscape character, landscape perception, European Landscape Convention (ECL)

Abstract

The present article shall bring to mind the extraordinary stimuli given by Johannes Gabriel Granö (1882 – 1956) to international landscape research through his exceptionally wide spectrum of studies. It begins with his expeditions into the Altai Mountains and to Northwestern Mongolia at the beginning of the 20th century and his multifaceted publications about their results – also in difficult times – like in 1945. The paper further treats Granö’s pioneering works about geography and cartography of Estonia at the beginning of the 1920s, his methodological and applied articles about physiognomic landscape characteristics, both in detailed as well as in overview scales – and mostly demonstrated in his Finnish motherland. Granö’s monograph „Reine Geographie“ / „Pure Geography“ – first published in German language in 1929 – revived, after its translation into English (in 1997), half a century later eager interest in his activities. In 2002, the Universities of Turku (Finland) and Tartu (Estonia) responded to this development through the establishment of a Granö Centre as a site of encounters and exchanges. In the context of the European Landscape Convention (ECL) it becomes obvious how far J.G. Granö was ahead of his time.

Published
2018-06-14
How to Cite
(1)
Helm, H.; Buchroithner, M. Johannes Gabriel Granö and His Cartography- Oriented Landscape Research. A Reviewing Appreciation. lo 2018, 60, 1-22.
Issue
Section
Review