Fifteen years of Landscape Online: Looking back at the development of an e-journal




Landscape Ecology, Landscape Research, Land Sciences, Socio-Ecological Systems, Interdisciplinary, Transdisciplinary


It has been 15 years by now that the International Association for Landscape Ecology – Chapter Germany (IALE-D) launched the e-journal Landscape Online. At the time of its first publication in 2007, to the best of our knowledge, it was one of the first open access peer-reviewed scientific e-journals in the field of Landscape Ecology. Over the last 15 years, it evolved from an idea driven by the German-speaking IALE community in Germany, Austria and Switzerland to a wider established journal linked to the international IALE community supported by partners across the world. In this Editorial, we (1) present the journal’s development and the regional distribution of authorships, (2) reflect on the topics addressed by the articles published, and (3) outline the latest developments in the light of continuities and changes.


Al-Sulbi, A.O., 2019. Deformation of the Date Palm tree trunk in Dammam Metropolitan Area: Causes and consequences. Landscape Online 65, 1–12. DOI:

Albert, C., Vargas-Moreno, J.C., 2010. Planning-based approaches for supporting sustainable landscape development. Landscape Online 19, 1–9. DOI:

Artmann, M., Breuste, J., 2014. Sustainable noise abatement along motorways in Germany - an empirical study in the municipality Frasdorf (Bavaria) . Landscape Online 36, 1–23. DOI:

Augstburger, H., Jacobi, J., Schwilch, G., Rist, S., 2018. Agroecosystem service capacity index - A methodological approach. Landscape Online 64, 1–48. DOI:

Bacher, M., Walde, J., Pecher, C., Tasser, E., Tappeiner, U., 2016. Are interest groups different in the factors determining landscape preferences? Landscape Online 47, 1–18. DOI:

Bastian, O., Stein, C., Lupp, G., Behrens, J., Renner, C., Grunewald, K., 2015. The appreciation of nature and landscape by tourism service providers and visitors in the Ore Mountains (Germany). Landscape Online 41, 1–23. DOI:

Beichler, S.A., Bastian, O., Haase, D., Heiland, S., Kabisch, N., Müller, F., 2017. Does the ecosystem service concept reach its limits in Urban environments? Landscape Online 50, 1–21. DOI:

Belda-Carrasco, R., Iranzo-García, E., Pascual-Aguilar, J.A., 2019. Landscape dynamics in mediterranean coastal areas: Castelló de la Plana in the last hundred years. Landscape Online 69, 1–15. DOI:

Bianchin, S., Richert, E., Heilmeier, H., Merta, M., Seidler, C., 2011. Landscape metrics as a tool for evaluating scenarios for flood prevention and nature conservation. Landscape Online 25, 1–15. DOI:

Bolliger, J., Kienast, F., 2010. Landscape functions in a changing environment. Landscape Online 21, 1–5. DOI:

Botti, D., 2019. Phytoclimatic stages and vegetation in Baden - Württemberg and Emilia - Romagna. Landscape Online 67, 1–30. DOI:

Brummer, V., Roth, S., Röhl, M., Herbes, C., 2017. Nature conservation against all? Aquatic macrophyte de-weeding - Cut or conserve? A stakeholder analysis. Landscape Online 54, 1–14. DOI:

Buendía, A.V.P., Pérez-Albert, Y., Giné, D.S., 2021. Online Public Participation Geographic Information System (PPGIS) as a landscape and public use management tool: a case study from the Ebro Delta Natural Park (Spain). Landscape Online 93, 1–18. DOI:

Burkhard, B., Kandziora, M., Hou, Y., Müller, F., 2014. Ecosystem service potentials, flows and demands-concepts for spatial localisation, indication and quantification. Landscape Online 34, 1–32. DOI:

Burkhard, B., Kroll, F., Müller, F., Windhorst, W., 2009. Landscapes’ capacities to provide ecosystem services - A concept for land-cover based assessments. Landscape Online 15, 1–22. DOI:

Cabrera, A.P., 2015. The landscape of the dehesa in the Sierra Morena of Jaén (Spain) - the transition from traditional to new land uses. Landscape Online 43, 1–15. DOI:

Carlier, J., Moran, J., 2019. Rapid assessment and ground truthing of habitat composition and analysis of semi-natural habitat diversity of proposed greenway developments. Landscape Online 77, 1–18. DOI:

Carlsson, J., Lidestav, G., Bjärstig, T., Svensson, J., Nordström, E.-M., 2017. Opportunities for integrated landscape planning - the broker, the arena, the tool. Landscape Online 55, 1–20. DOI:

Cieślak, I., Biłozor, A., 2022. A dynamic evaluation of landscape transformations based on land cover data. Landscape Online 97, 1097. DOI:

Danzinger, F., Fuchs, S., Wrbka, T., 2021. Going local – Providing a highly detailed Green Infrastructure geodata set for assessing connectivity and functionality. Landscape Online 89, 1–16. DOI:

Dekaraja, D., Mahanta, R., 2022. Exploring the Socioeconomic Impact of Riverbank Erosion in the Brahmaputra Valley of Assam, India: A Case Study of Two Districts. Landscape Online 97, 1105. DOI:

Deumlich, D., 2012. Structure and process - influence of historical agriculture of linear flow paths by extreme rainfall in Brandenburg (D) . Landscape Online 31, 1–19. DOI:

Długozima, A., 2020. How might landscapes be better designed to accommodate increasing cremation practices in Europe? Landscape Online 87, 1–31. DOI:

Drǎguţ, L., Walz, U., Blaschke, T., 2010. The third and fourth dimensions of landscape: Towards conceptual models of topographically complex landscapes. Landscape Online 22, 1–10. DOI:

Drius, M., Sams, K.T., Knopper, F., Hainz-Renetzeder, C., Brandenburg, C., Wrbka, T., 2020. Assessing landscape services as foundation for Green Infrastructure functionality: the case of the Wienerwald Biosphere Reserve. Landscape Online 84, 1–39. DOI:

Farahani, L.M., Maller, C., 2018. Perceptions and preferences of Urban Greenspaces: A literature review and framework for policy and practice. Landscape Online 61, 1–22. DOI:

Farahani, L.M., Maller, C., Phelan, K., 2018. Private Gardens as Urban Greenspaces: Can they compensate for Poor Greenspace Access in lower socioeconomic neighbourhoods? Landscape Online 59, 1–18. DOI:

Farahani, L.M., Motamed, B., Jamei, E., 2016. Persian gardens: Meanings, symbolism, and design. Landscape Online 46, 1–19. DOI:

Ferrari, I., Ferrarini, A., 2008. From ecosystem ecology to landscape ecology: A progression calling for a well-founded research and appropriate disillusions. Landscape Online 6, 1–13. DOI:

Flores, L.M.A., Zanette, L.R.S., Boscolo, D., Araújo, F.S., 2019. Landscape structure effects on bee and wasp assemblages in a semiarid buffer zone. Landscape Online 76, 1–17. DOI:

Foley, C.J., Holland, J.D., 2010. Do flying beetles respond to human-dominated landscapes as complex mosaics or binary patterns. Landscape Online 16, 1–18. DOI:

Giné, D.S., 2018. A renewed approach to the ABC landscape assessment method: An application to Muntanyes d’Ordal, Barcelona Metropolitan area. Landscape Online 56, 1–13. DOI:

Gottwald, S., 2022. Sense of Place in Spatial Planning: Applying Instrumental and Deliberative Approaches at the River Lahn. Landscape Online 97, 1100. DOI:

Hami, A., Maruthaveeran, S., 2018. Public perception and perceived landscape function of urban park trees in Tabriz, Iran. Landscape Online 62, 1–16. DOI:

Hanberry, B.B., 2022. Non-native plant associations with wildfire, tree removals, and deer in the eastern United States. Landscape Online 97, 1104. DOI:

Hane, E., Korfmacher, K., 2020. Integrating multiple perspectives in an urban ecology course. Landscape Online 82, 1–14. DOI:

Helm, H., Buchroithner, M.F., 2018. Johannes Gabriel Granö and his Cartography- Oriented landscape research. A reviewing appreciation. Landscape Online 60, 1–22. DOI:

Herbst, H., Förster, M., Kleinschmit, B., 2009. Contribution of landscape metrics to the assessment of scenic quality - the example of the landscape structure plan Havelland/Germany. Landscape Online 10, 1–17. DOI:

Hoechstetter, S., Walz, U., Dang, L.H., Thinh, N.X., 2008. Effects of topography and surface roughness in analyses of landscape structure - A proposal to modify the existing set of landscape metrics. Landscape Online 3, 1–14. DOI:

Holtmeier, F.-K., 2012. Impact of wild herbivorous mammals and birds on the altitudinal and northern treeline ecotones. Landscape Online 30, 1–28. DOI:

Holtmeier, F.-K., Broll, G., 2007. Treeline advance - driving processes and adverse factors. Landscape Online 1, 1–33. DOI:

Hou, Y., Mller, F., Li, B., Kroll, F., 2015. Urban-rural gradients of ecosystem services and the linkages with socioeconomics. Landscape Online 39, 1–31. DOI:

Istanbuly, M.N., Kaboli, M., Ahmadi, S., Tian, G., Michalak, M., Amiri, B.J., 2022. Landscape Metrics Explain the Ecological Susceptibility of Terrestrial Ecosystems. Landscape Online 97, 1101. DOI:

Jäckle, H., Rudner, M., Deil, U., 2013. Density, spatial pattern and relief features of sacred sites in Northern Morocco. Landscape Online 32, 1–16. DOI:

Kandziora, M., Dörnhöfer, K., Oppelt, N., Müller, F., 2014. Detecting land use and land cover changes in Northern German agricultural landscapes to assess ecosystem service dynamics. Landscape Online 35, 1–24. DOI:

Khaledi, H.J., Khakzand, M., Faizi, M., 2022. Landscape and Perception: A systematic review. Landscape Online 97, 1098. DOI:

Khoroshev, A. V, 2019. Multiscale organization of landscape structure in the middle taiga of European Russia. Landscape Online 66, 1–19. DOI:

Kienast, F., Gosteli, S., Edwards Jr., T.C., Martius, G., 2020. Lessons learned from the first worldwide accessible e-learning in Landscape Ecology. Landscape Online 83, 1–14. DOI:

Kokthi, E., Muço, E., Requier-Desjardins, M., Guri, F., 2021. Social capital as a determinant for raising ecosystem services awareness - an application to an Albanian pastoral ecosystem. Landscape Online 95, 1–17. DOI:

Koschke, L., Van der Meulen, S., Frank, S., Schneidergruber, A., Kruse, M., Fürst, C., Neubert, E., Ohnesorge, B., Schröder, C., Müller, F., Bastian, O., 2014. Do you have 5 minutes to spare? -The challenges of stakeholder processes in ecosystem services studies. Landscape Online 37, 1–25. DOI:

Kullman, L., 2015. Higher-than-present medieval pine (pinus sylvestris) treeline along the swedish scandes. Landscape Online 42, 1–14. DOI:

Kullman, L., 2010. One century of treeline change and stability - experiences from the Swedish scandes. Landscape Online 17, 1–31. DOI:

Leibenath, M., Otto, A., 2014. Competing Wind Energy Discourses, Contested Landscapes. Landscape Online 38, 1–18. DOI:

Lis, A., Pardela, Ł., Iwankowski, P., Haans, A., 2021. The impact of plants offering cover on female students’ perception of danger in urban green spaces in crime hot spots. Landscape Online 91, 1–14. DOI:

Lüker-Jans, N., Simmering, D., Otte, A., 2016. Analysing data of the integrated administration and control system (IACS) to detect patterns of agricultural land-use change at municipality level. Landscape Online 48, 1–24. DOI:

MacDonald, H., McKenney, D., McLaven, K., Perry, S., 2020. Realizing expectations from planting trees on private land in Ontario, Canada. Landscape Online 78, 1–9. DOI:

Mazzocchi, C., Sali, G., Ruggeri, G., 2019. Tourists’ preferences for alpine pastures maintenance. Landscape Online 68, 1–18. DOI:

Mehmeti, A., Demaj, A., Waldhardt, R., 2009. Plant species richness and composition in the arable land of Kosovo. Landscape Online 11, 1–29. DOI:

Mohammadi Hamidi, S., Rezaei-Pandari, M., Fakheran, S., Fürst, C., 2022. The Gender Gap in Land Sciences: A Review of Women’s Presence on the Editorial Boards of Peer-Reviewed Journals. Land. DOI:

Moszkowicz, Ł., Krzeptowska-Moszkowicz, I., Porada, K., 2021. Relationship between parameters of public parks and their surroundings and the richness, diversity and species composition of vascular herbaceous plants on the example of Krakow in Central Europe. Landscape Online 94, 1–16. DOI:

Müller, F., de Groot, R., Willemen, L., 2010. Ecosystem services at the landscape scale: The need for integrative approaches. Landscape Online 23, 1–11. DOI:

Müller, K., Artner, A., Knierim, A., 2008. Demographic changes and the demands on agricultural landscapes: Refl ections on a new research topic. Landscape Online 9, 1–16. DOI:

Mustafa, B., Hajdari, A., Mustafa, V., Pulaj, B., 2018. Natural heritage in the republic of Kosovo: Looking for potential UNESCO sites. Landscape Online 63, 1–16. DOI:

Nautiyal, S., Rao, K.S., Kaechele, H., Zander, P., 2010. Conceptual model development for landscape management in the mountains of the indian himalayan region: An approach for sustainable socio-ecological development. Landscape Online 18, 1–19. DOI:

Naveh, Z., 2009. Transdisciplinary challenges for sustainable management of mediterranean landscapes in the global information society. Landscape Online 14, 1–14. DOI:

Nunneri, C., Lenhart, H.-J., Burkhard, B., Colijn, F., Müller, F., Windhorst, W., 2008. The use of “ecological risk” for assessing effects of human activities: An example including eutrophication and offshore wind farm construction in the north sea. Landscape Online 5, 1–20. DOI:

Öberg, L., Kullman, L., 2012. Recent glacier recession - A new source of postglacial treeline and climate history in the Swedish Scandes. Landscape Online 26, 1–38. DOI:

Ojeda, C.G., 2018. Visual scale and Naturalness of Roadside Vegetation Landscape. An exploratory study at Pargua Highway, Puerto Montt - Chile. Landscape Online 58, 1–12. DOI:

Oppermann, R., Aguirre, E., Bleil, R., Calabuig, J.D., Šálek, M., Schmotzer, A., Schraml, A., 2021. A Rapid Method for Monitoring Landscape Structure and Ecological Value in European Farmlands: the LISA approach. Landscape Online 90, 1–24. DOI:

Papendiek, F., Ende, H.-P., Steinhardt, U., Wiggering, H., 2012. Biorefineries: Relocating biomass refineries to the rural area. Landscape Online 27, 1–9. DOI:

Pauleit, S., Breuste, J., Qureshi, S., Sauerwein, M., 2010. Transformation of rural-urban cultural landscapes in Europe: Integrating approaches from ecological, socio-economic and planning perspectives. Landscape Online 20, 1–10. DOI:

Pochodyła, E., Glińska-Lewczuk, K., Jaszczak, A., 2021. Blue-green infrastructure as a new trend and an effective tool for water management in urban areas. Landscape Online 92, 1–20. DOI:

Priego, C., Breuste, J.-H., Rojas, J., 2008. Perception and value of nature in urban landscapes: A comparative analysis of cities in Germany, Chile and Spain. Landscape Online 7, 1–22. DOI:

Puzdrakiewicz, K., 2020. Cemeteries as (un)wanted heritage of previous communities. An example of changes in the management of cemeteries and their social perception in Gdańsk, Poland. Landscape Online 86, 1–26. DOI:

Raatikainen, K.J., 2018. The importance of engaging local people in landscape management - Experiences from an EU-project. Landscape Online 57, 1–22. DOI:

Räsänen, A., Lensu, A., Tomppo, E., Kuitunen, M., 2015. Comparing conservation value maps and mapping methods in a rural landscape in southern Finland. Landscape Online 44, 1–19. DOI:

Richter, M., Diertl, K.-H., Emck, P., Peters, T., Beck, E., 2009. Reasons for an outstanding plant diversity in the tropical Andes of Southern Ecuador. Landscape Online 12, 1–35. DOI:

Riffell, S., Keas, B., Burton, T., 2012. Peninsula effects on birds in a coastal landscape: Are coves more species rich than lobes? Landscape Online 29, 1–15. DOI:

Riffell, S., McIntyre, N., Hayes, R., 2008. Agricultural set-aside programs and grassland birds: Insights from broad-scale population trends. Landscape Online 8, 1–20. DOI:

Riitters, K., Wickham, J., Wade, T., 2009. Evaluating anthropogenic risk of grassland and forest habitat degradation using land-cover data. Landscape Online 13, 1–14. DOI:

Rodríguez Romero, E.J., Granados, C.S.T., Santo-Tomas Muro, R., 2019. Landscape perception in Peri-Urban Areas: An expert-based methodological approach. Landscape Online 75, 1–22. DOI:

Rolf, W., 2021. Transformation pathways towards sustainable urban development by the inclusion of peri-urban farmland in green infrastructure strategies. Landscape Online 96, 1–15. DOI:

Rosenberg, M., Syrbe, R.-U., Vowinckel, J., Walz, U., 2014. Scenario methodology for modelling of future landscape developments as basis for assessing ecosystem services. Landscape Online 33, 1–20. DOI:

Schimmenti, E., Borsellino, V., Ingrassia, G., Peri, E., Farina, V., Guarino, S., 2017. Urban landscape evolution as a consequence of an invasive pest: The case of a small sicilian town. Landscape Online 52, 1–16. DOI:

Schirpke, U., 2022. Spatial relationships and impacts of global change on ecosystem services in the European Alps. Landscape Online 97, 1102. DOI:

Schmalz, B., Kruse, M., 2019. Impact of land use on stream water quality in the German low mountain range basin Gersprenz. Landscape Online 72, 1–17. DOI:

Schröder, W., Pesch, R., Schmidt, G., 2007. Statistical classification of terrestrial and marine ecosystems for environmental planning. Landscape Online 2, 1–22. DOI:

Scolozzi, R., Schirpke, U., Geneletti, D., 2019. Enhancing ecosystem services management in protected areas through participatory system dynamics modelling. Landscape Online 73, 1–17. DOI:

Serrano-Montes, J.L., Martínez-Ibarra, E., Arias-García, J., 2019. How does the presence of livestock influence landscape preferences? An image-based approach. Landscape Online 71, 1–18. DOI:

Siagian, D.R., Shrestha, R.P., Marpaung, I., Napitupulu, D., Haloho, L., Simatupang, S., Ramija, K. EL, Girsang, S.S., 2022. Assessing Rice Production Sustainability under Future Landuse and Population in Deli Serdang Regency, Indonesia. Landscape Online 97, 1103. DOI:

Silva, R., Zagallo, S., Laques, A.E., Saito, C., 2020. Landscape Signature as an Integrative View of Landscape Metrics: A Case Study in Brazil-French Guiana Border. Landscape Online 85, 1–18. DOI:

Skokanová, H., Slach, T., 2020. Territorial system of ecological stability as a regional example for green infrastructure planning in the Czech Republic. Landscape Online 80, 1–13. DOI:

Stoicescu, I., Pătru-Stupariu, I.I., Hossu, C.-A., Peringer, A., 2019. Land use guidelines to maintain habitat diversity of wood- pastures in the Southern Carpathians under projected climate change. Landscape Online 74, 1–24. DOI:

Stupariu, M.-S., Pǎtru-Stupariu, I., Cuculici, R., 2010. Geometric approaches to computing 3D-landscape metrics. Landscape Online 24, 1–12. DOI:

Szerencsits, E., 2012. Swiss tree lines - a GIS-based Approximation. Landscape Online 28, 1–18. DOI:

Torquati, B., Tempesta, T., Vecchiato, D., Venanzi, S., Paffarini, C., 2017. The value of traditional rural landscape and nature protected areas in tourism demand: A study on agritourists’ preferences. Landscape Online 53, 1–18. DOI:

Veselaj, Z., Mustafa, B., 2015. Overview of nature protection progress in Kosovo. Landscape Online 45, 1–10. DOI:

Wangai, P.W., Burkhard, B., Kruse, M., Müller, F., 2017. Contributing to the cultural ecosystem services and human wellbeing debate: A case study application on indicators and linkages. Landscape Online 50, 1–27. DOI:

Wiggering, H., Eulenstein, F., Mirschel, W., Willms, M., Dalchow, C., Augustin, J., 2008. The environmental effects of global changes on northeast central Europe in the case of non-modified agricultural management. Landscape Online 4, 1–17. DOI:

Wiggering, H., Weißhuhn, P., Burkhard, B., 2016. Agrosystem services: An additional terminology to better understand ecosystem services delivered by agriculture. Landscape Online 49, 1–15. DOI:

Wübbelmann, T., Bender, S., Burkhard, B., 2021. The importance of regional climate and land use information for flood regulation ecosystem services modelling. Landscape Online 88, 1–16. DOI:

Yazdani, N., 2019. The effects of cultural background and past usage on Iranian- Australians’ appreciation of urban parks and aesthetic preferences. Landscape Online 70, 1–17. DOI:

Zelený, J., Zelený, J., Bicking, S., Dang, K.B., Müller, F., Dang, K.B., 2020. Combining Methods to Estimate Ecosystem Integrity and Ecosystem Service Potentials and Flows for Crop Production in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. Landscape Online 2020, 1–36. DOI:

Żemła-Siesicka, A., 2022. Archaeological landscape – the past and the present. A case study of the megalithic landscape of Wietrzychowice, Poland. Landscape Online 97, 1099. DOI:

Zerbe, S., 2020. Teaching applied landscape ecology in interdisciplinary and intercultural student groups. Experiences from a 10-years study abroad program. Landscape Online 81, 1–15. DOI:

Zurlini, G., Petrosillo, I., Bozsik, A., Cloud, J., Aretano, R., Lincoln, N.K., 2015. Sustainable landscape development and value rigidity: The pirsig’s monkey trap. Landscape Online 40, 1–19. DOI:

Title image LO.2022.1106




How to Cite

Rolf, W., & Schirpke, U. (2022). Fifteen years of Landscape Online: Looking back at the development of an e-journal. Landscape Online, 97, 1106.