Applying analytic hierarchy process for site selection of a recreational-educational children complex in Shiraz City, Iran


  • Maryam Abdollahi Islamic Azad University, Shahrekord Branch, Department of Architecture, Shahrekord, Iran
  • Mohsen Faizi Iran University of Science and Technology, School of Architecture and Environmental Design, Tehran, Iran
  • Maryam Naghibi Delft University of Technology, Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, Delft, The Netherlands



Social Cognition, Social Interaction, Site Selection, Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP), Educational Children Complex


The development of educational-recreational complexes for children has a significant impact on their cognitive growth and behaviour. Proper site selection is essential to ensure the success of such projects. This paper aims to identify the best location for a children’s educational-recreational complex in Shiraz, Iran. The study used a descriptive-comparative and survey method to determine effective criteria for site selection. A questionnaire was administered to experts in architecture, urban design, and planning to identify appropriate sites. The Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) method was then employed to select the best location. The hierarchical model included three levels: goal (educational-recreational site selection), criteria (natural potential, accessibility, land size, neighbourhood and social context, expansibility, appropriate land use (the neighbourhood between proposed and master plan land use)), and three alternative sites. The results showed that a site located near residential areas, green spaces, and natural elements is suitable for the development of an educational-recreational complex for children. The study recommends the use of the SWOT (strength, weaknesses, opportunities and threats) - AHP method for site selection in children’s complexes. The paper highlights the need for a reliability test or table/figure to support the research findings.


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Title image LO.2024.1120




How to Cite

Abdollahi, M., Faizi, M., & Naghibi, M. (2024). Applying analytic hierarchy process for site selection of a recreational-educational children complex in Shiraz City, Iran. Landscape Online, 99, 1120.



Research Article